Cite a dissertation
Direct citation of literary sources is allowed in essays. One quoted fragment in the text should not occupy more than ten typewritten lines. Experience with graduate students shows that the citation rules are not known to all.
To avoid any problems with quoting with an indication of the source used and page numbers, you can use the recommendations above.
General requirements before quoting are:
- The text of the quotation begins and ends with brackets and is given in the grammatical form in which it is submitted in the source while retaining the peculiarities of the author’s writing. Brackets, except for those that caused a general controversy, do not distinguish scientific terms proposed by other authors.
- The citation should be complete, without arbitrary reduction of the author’s text and distortion of the words of the author. The omission of words, sentences, paragraphs when quoting is allowed without distortion of the author’s text and is indicated by three dots. They are placed anywhere in the quote (at the beginning, in the middle, at the end).
When using literary sources, many graduate students make the following mistake. In an article or dissertation, they provide definitions, concepts, terms, classifications, and other elements that are found in the sources being reviewed. That is, they essentially retell the content of textbooks or monographs without any comments. From research work, such a statement does not carry any semantic load, since anyone can read the textbook. However, references to certain elements found in the educational literature can be justified if the author of an article or dissertation controversies with the author of a textbook or monograph, and also proves the correctness of his opinion.
Young people have a great temptation to copy (in the literal sense of the word) articles (or their fragments) posted on the Internet into their works without providing links to web pages and authors. Thus, articles and dissertations reveal an unacceptably large amount of borrowing, i.e., primarily, plagiarism, which is sometimes difficult to detect even when using special software.
However, this form of “quoting,” as a rule, is revealed in the process of scientific reviewing or opposition if the reviewer or opponent has experience in this matter.